Journal Articles

MR3 Health Scientific Literature References.  Abstracts and reprints available


1. Home Monitoring of Foot Skin Temperatures to Prevent Ulceration

Lawrence A. Lavery, DPM, MPH ,

Diabetes Care November 2004 vol. 27 no. 11 2642-2647


These results suggest that at-home patient self-monitoring with daily foot temperatures may be an effective adjunctive tool to prevent foot complications in individuals at high risk for lower-extremity ulceration and amputation.


2. Preventing Diabetic Foot Ulcer Recurrence in High-Risk Patients

Lawrence A. Lavery, DPM, MPH ,

Diabetes Care January 2007 vol. 30 no.1 14-20


Infrared temperature home monitoring, in serving as an “early warning sign,” appears to be a simple and useful adjunct in the prevention of diabetic foot ulcerations.


3. Skin Temperature Monitoring Reduces the Risk for Diabetic Foot Ulceration in High-risk Patients

David G. Armstrong, DPM, PhD,

The American Journal of Medicine (2007) 120, 1042-1046


High temperature gradients between feet may predict the onset of neuropathic ulceration and self-monitoring may reduce the risk of ulceration.


4. Is an increase in skin temperature predictive of neuropathic foot ulceration in people with diabetes? A systematic review and meta-analysis 

Vanessa J. Houghton,

 Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2013, 6:31


We conclude that infrared temperature monitoring is an important tool in the prevention of foot ulceration in people with diabetes. Furthermore, the evidence reviewed for this study supports the role of self-care in prevention of foot ulceration. Three articles included in this review demonstrated the effectiveness of home monitoring in preventing neuropathic foot ulceration. In Australia skin temperature monitoring is primarily used in hospital high risk foot services. There is clearly a preventative role for self-monitoring of foot skin temperature among individuals with high risk feet as evidenced in this review. It is hoped that the conclusions of this review will encourage community health practitioners and public health services to embrace the preventative value of this method with confidence.


5. Infrared Skin Thermometry: An Underutilized Cost-effective Tool for Routine Wound Care Practice and Patient High-Risk Diabetic Foot Self-monitoring

  1. Gary Sibbald, BSc, MD, MEd, FRCPC(Med Derm), MACP, FAAD, MAPWCA, DSc (Hons),

ADV SKIN WOUND CARE 2015;28:37–44; quiz 45–6

This is a continuing Medical Education article aimed at physicians and nurses interested in skin and wound care


The aim of this article is to provide practitioners with an overview of infrared skin thermometry for everyday wound care practice. Thermometers have the potential for home use by patients with neuropathy to self-detect damage from repetitive trauma that will increase the risk of foot ulceration.


6. Effectiveness of at-home skin temperature monitoring in reducing the incidence of foot ulcer recurrence in people with diabetes: a multicenter randomized control trial (DIATEMP)

Sicco A. Bus, et al

BMJ Open Diabetes Research and Care, 2021


Conclusions: The effectiveness of at-home skin temperature monitoring must be tied to a reduction in patient ambulatory activity once hot spots are found.


7. Development of a prediction model for foot ulcer recurrence in people with diabetes using easy-to-obtain clinical variables

Wouter B aan de Stegge, Sicco A Bus, et al

BMJ Open Diabetes Research and Care, 2021

Conclusions: Internally validated prediction models predict with reasonable to good calibration and fair discrimination who is at highest risk for ulcer recurrence. People at highest risk should be monitored  more carefully and treated more intensively than others.



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